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How often should i stretch my achilles tendon?

What Causes Mortons Neuroma

دوشنبه 26 تير 1396
17:00
Halley Dalziel
Overview
MortonMorton's neuroma is an inflammation of the nerves in the foot that go to the toes. Although the name includes the word ?neuroma,? it is not really a tumor. It can affect any of the toes in the foot. However, it most often affects the nerves that run between the third and fourth, or second and third toes.

Causes
The pain of Morton's neuroma occurs when the nerve connecting the toe bones (metatarsal bones) becomes irritated or compressed. The exact cause of the irritation is unknown, but it may be the metatarsal bones pressing against the nerve when the gap between the bones is narrow. This causes the nerve and surrounding tissue to thicken. Some experts believe that a number of other foot problems, including flat feet, high foot arches, bunions and hammer toes, may also play a role in Morton's neuroma.

Symptoms
Patients will feel pain that worsens with walking, particularly when walking in shoes with thin soles or high heels. Also, anything that squeezes the metatarsal heads together may aggravate symptoms, such as narrow shoes. A patient may feel the need to remove the shoe and rub the foot to soothe the pain.

Diagnosis
X-rays of your affected foot will not show a neuroma, as neuromas are made up of soft tissue. X-rays may be helpful, however, in helping rule in osteoarthritis or a stress fracture as the cause of your symptoms. Ultrasonography and MRI are sometimes used to help diagnose neuromas, although they are often ineffective. The clinical diagnosis by a foot care expert with experience treating this health problem is usually the most effective way to diagnose neuromas. Your podiatrist will attempt to duplicate your neuroma symptoms by pressing on the involved nerve at various points, and he or she may try to cause a clicking of your nerve that indicates nerve enlargement.

Non Surgical Treatment
Relief of symptoms can often start by having a good pair of well fitting shoes fitted to your feet ensuring that the shoes don't squeeze your foot together. Once footwear is addressed patients may require a small pre-metatarsal pad to be positioned onto the insole of the shoe to help lift and separate the bones in the forefoot to alleviate the pressure on the nerve. If the patients foot structure and mechanics is found to be a contributing cause, a custom made orthotic is usually the most convenient and effective way to manage the problem. Sometimes an injection of local anaesthetic and steroid is recommended to assist in settling acute symptoms.plantar neuroma

Surgical Treatment
If symptoms What do you do for a strained Achilles tendon? not respond to any of the above measures then surgery may be suggested. This involves a short 30 minute operation to either remove tissue to take pressure off the nerve or to remove the nerve causing the pain. The surgery can be done as a day case but it will be two or three weeks before you can be fully active on your feet. There may be some lingering numbness afterwards if the nerve is removed. But surgery is successful in around 80% of cases. There is a small risk of complications such as infection and thickening of the skin on the soles of the feet. [ بازدید : 1 ]

Talipes Causes

دوشنبه 26 تير 1396
16:50
Halley Dalziel
Overview
Pes cavus, defined as a high arch in the sagittal plane, occurs in various clinical situations. A cavus foot may be a variant of normal, a simple morphological characteristic, seen in healthy individuals. Alternatively, cavus may occur as a component of a foot deformity. When it is the main abnormality, direct pes cavus should be distinguished from pes cavovarus.

Causes
The exact cause of pes cavus is unknown. However, the medical community has settled on three likely scenarios that lead to pes cavus. Neuromuscular Condition. A neuromuscular condition may affect nerves and muscles that cause the hollowing of the foot. There are a number of neuromuscular conditions that could be the culprit, the most likely of which is Charcot-Marie Tooth disease. Congenital. Congenital causes may be derived from familial history of residual club foot as well as cases where the condition happens spontaneously. Trauma. As common sense would dictate, severe foot trauma could cause pes cavus through fractures, burns etc.Talipes Cavus

Symptoms
Symptoms may vary from a mild problem with shoe fitting to significant disability.

Diagnosis
Examination of the muscle groups and muscle strength is important. Furthermore, pain along the peroneal tendons may be a sign of a peroneal tendon tear. This may result in a cavus foot How much does it cost for leg lengthening? like a posterior tibial tendon dysfunction may result in flatfoot. Instability of the lateral ankle may also lead to a cavus foot position as the talus deviates into a varus position due to the laxity of the lateral ankle ligaments.

Non Surgical Treatment
Depending on the severity and presence of debilitation, non-surgical and surgical treatment options are extensively reviewed by your Weil foot and ankle physician. Non-surgical treatment options we provide include, but are not limited to: shoe gear modifications, bracing and/or strappings, custom-molded arch supports; all of which assist in positioning the foot properly and provide improved shock absorption.

Surgical Treatment
Surgery for cavus foot is complex. It often requires two operations performed two weeks apart. In the first operation, the doctor cuts and releases the tightest of the soft tissues in the arch. The rest of the tissues relax during the following two weeks. In the second operation, the doctor cuts and reshapes at least one bone using a bone graft , and moves several tendons to new locations on the foot to improve muscle balance.High Arch [ بازدید : 2 ]
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